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How do instruments make music?

Resources, Excursion, Classroom Activities, Assessment Ideas, IT Applications

Resources

Text Resources

  • Rossing, TD, 2002, The Science of Sound, 3rd edn, Addison Wesley Longman, Massachusetts.

Audiovisual Resources

It is recommended that teachers should view any video before purchase.

  • Marcom Projects: History of Sound Recording, Physics of Music, Sound in the Studio

Documents from the 2011 Physics Teachers Conference presentation by Kelvin Barraclough, Gisborne Secondary College

Included are files of some audio freeware such as osc251 and sweepgen. Another useful piece of freeware is 'Audacity' which is a powerful audio editor and recorder, which can be easily downloaded from the 'audacity' website.

Relevant papers from earlier Physics Teachers Conferences

 Type

Filename

Filesize

Microsoft Powerpoint

Using freeware resources for sound reproduction measurements

18.5 MB

A powerpoint by Simon Dick for the 2007 Physics Teachers Conference.

Microsoft Excel

Doppler calculation

16.4 kB

A spreadsheet to support the presentation by Simon Dick.

Microsoft Excel

Resonance

17.4 kB

A spreadsheet to support the presentation by Simon Dick.

Generic

Speaker Workshop

1.66 MB

This is a freeware application for sound reproduction measurements to accompany the presentation by Simon Dick.

Generic

Examples of recordings for Speaker Workshop.

12.8 MB

These were produced by the freeware "Speaker Workshop" that accompanied the presentation by Simon Dick.

Generic

A calibration file for a microphone

9.31 kB

This is to be used with the freeware "Speaker Workshop" to accompany the presentation by Simon Dick.

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Excursion

The Victorian Arts Centre used to offer an excursion. However they decided to cancel the program for this Detailed Study: Sound.

The original presenter of the VCE program, Adrian Alexander, is now offering his program at other venues. The cost of the excursion is $22 + GST per student. Check Adrian's website below for more details.

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Classroom Activities

Some of the documents below were written for the previous course, but they may contain still relevant material.

 Type

Filename

Filesize

Microsoft Word

Speed of Sound Prac 2

36.9 kB

This document contains a student handout outlining a prac to determine the speed of sound in air using resonance in a tube closed at one end.

Microsoft Word

Speed of Sound Prac 3

38.4 kB

This document contains a student handout outlining a prac to determine the speed of sound in air using standing waves set up in a sound tube.

Text

Diffraction Waves

15.4 kB

A work sheet for observing diffraction with the ripple tank - can be used as part of sound practical activities.

Microsoft Word

CRO Speed of Sound Prac

133 kB

This speed of sound prac uses a dual trace CRO and allows measurement of the time interval betwen pulses arriving at two microphones a couple of metres apart.

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Assessment Ideas

Some of the documents below were written for the previous course, but they may contain still relevant material.

 Type

Filename

Filesize

Text

Sound Assessment Task

293 kB

A plan for conducting the sound practical work as part of the unit 4 school assessed coursework.

Text

Sound Summary

450 kB

A set of questions forming the assessment for the sound summary report as part of the unit 4 school assessed coursework.

Microsoft Word

Summary Report on Practical Activities in Sound

43.5 kB

Summary report of sound practical activities. SAC document used in 2000.

Microsoft Word

Another Summary Report on Practical Activities in Sound

56.8 kB

Summary report of sound practical activities linked to the first three Speed of Sound Pracs above.

Microsoft Word

Test in Sound

50.7 kB

Basic Unit 4 Sound Test. It consists of 34 mostly multiple choice questions. Answers are at the end.

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IT Applications

Useful Websites

Applets

 Type

Filename

Filesize

Generic

Standing Waves

295 kB

This Visual Basic program simulates the standing wave that results when two waves, travelling in opposite directions, superimpose. It shows both component waves and the resultant standing wave (zip file that expands to 2 files which need to be located in the same directory).

Microsoft Word

Wave Interference

264 kB

Students use a Java Applet to observe interference of waves from 2 point sources, measure path differences, investigate the effect of changing distance between slits and wavelength, and find mathematical rules for the path difference along nodal and anti-nodal lines. HINT:- make sure that your school network can run the applet before giving it to your class.

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